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日本 呪縛の構図(6)質疑応答編(通訳版)

日本で効果的なガバナンスをつくるのは、実際問題として無理ではないか。なぜ日本は毎年大量の米国債を買い続けているのか。会場からの質問に、筑波大学名誉教授R・ターガート・マーフィー氏が丁寧に答える。(2016年12月6日開催日本ビジネス協会JBCインタラクティブセミナー講演「日本 呪縛の構図~この国の過去、現在、そして未来」より、全6話中第6話、通訳:福原利夫氏)



Murphy :Yes. I agree that the monarchy can really help in creating kind of governance. And I think some of the discussion about changing the law to permit the abdication of the emperor is an indication of that. But the other thing that I think really is important is institutionally strengthening the kantei.


Murphy :Yes, yes. When I was just - parenthetically, I saw an interesting comment that Winston Churchill made. And he said that, if the United States at the Versailles treaty, Versailles, the negotiations that led to the Versailles treaty at the end of World War I, if the United States had not insisted on the end of the Hohenzollern and Habsburg dynasties, the monarchies in Germany and Austria, and turning those two countries into republics, Churchill said, we would never have had the Second World War, so. Because you look at the situation in the U.S. today in contrast the situation in Japan or in Britain, where the monarchy is genuinely loved by practically everybody that half of the U.S. hates its president.


Murphy :Yes. The problem if you contrast the institutional office of the Japanese prime minister, if you contrast that to say prime ministerships in Britain or Germany or the presidencies in the U.S. and China and Russia, it is institutionally quite weak. Now there have been strong prime ministers in modern Japanese history, example of Yoshida or Nakasone or Koizumi or indeed Abe, who are able because of their strength of character to stand up to the institutional weakness of the office. But it is quite imaginable in the future that we are going to have some weak prime ministers again, as they have been in long Japanese history.